Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Europe is once again revisiting the relationship between borders and conflicts. On November 9, 1989, with the opening of the borders by East Germany, a prevailing symbol of the “Cold War” fell and the shadow of the nuclear threat seemed to wane giving way to the prospect of a common European home, united in diversity.
Yet today, this Europe is once again crossed by walls for a total of nearly a thousand kilometres, six times the length of the Berlin Wall. The human cost of barriers, which are becoming increasingly long and numerous in a European Union born to break them down, remains high. These are some of the themes that were discussed at the meeting organized by the Centro Astalli.